This chapter describes the process of the partitioning of the Africa at the end of the 19th century into the countries we still know today. We start by discussing the technological factors that enabled the European powers to conquer Africa. This is followed by an overview of the process of partitioning that discusses the involvement of both Africans and Europeans. The chapter ends with a discussion of the various theories in the literature that have traditionally explained the partitioning of Africa.
Bolt, Jutta (2013). “The Partitioning of Africa”, In Ewout Frankema, Ellen Hillbom, Ushehwedu Kufakurinani and Felix Meier zu Selhausen (eds.), The History of African Development: An Online Textbook for a New Generation of African Students and Teachers. African Economic History Network.